Question: Can Polio Affect Offspring?

Can polio affect one leg?

The virus may affect muscles on both sides of the body, but more often the paralysis is asymmetrical.

Any limb or combination of limbs may be affected – one leg, one arm, or both legs and both arms..

What famous person had polio?

President Franklin D. RooseveltAmong the famous survivors of polio are President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who contracted polio in 1921 at the age of 39 and used a wheelchair thereafter, though he attempted to hide his paralysis during public appearances.

What is the key symptom of polio?

Paralysis is the most severe symptom associated with polio, because it can lead to permanent disability and death. Between 2 and 10 out of 100 people who have paralysis from poliovirus infection die, because the virus affects the muscles that help them breathe.

How is polio treated today?

Once the virus that causes polio has infected a person, there is no treatment that will cure polio. Early diagnosis and supportive treatments such as bed rest, pain control, good nutrition, and physical therapy to prevent deformities from occurring over time can help reduce the long-term symptoms due to muscle loss.

What does Polio do to muscles?

When it multiplies in the nervous system, the virus can destroy nerve cells (motor neurons) which activate skeletal muscles. These nerve cells cannot regenerate, and the affected muscles lose their function due to a lack of nervous enervation – a condition known as acute flaccid paralysis (AFP).

What stopped polio?

Several key strategies have been outlined for stopping polio transmission: High infant immunization coverage with four doses of oral polio vaccine (OPV) in the first year of life in developing and endemic countries, and routine immunization with OPV and/or IPV elsewhere.

What is the survival rate of polio?

The death-to-case ratio for paralytic polio is generally 2%–5% among children and up to 15%–30% for adults (depending on age).

How do you know if you had polio as a child?

Common PPS symptoms include: muscle and joint weakness, fatigue, pain, muscle atrophy, difficulty breathing or swallowing, skeletal deformities, cold intolerance, and temporary interruptions of breathing while sleeping.

How long do polio survivors live?

For years, most polio survivors lived active lives, their memory of polio mainly forgotten, their health status stable. But by the late 1970s, survivors who were 20 or more years past their original diagnosis began noting new problems, including fatigue, pain, breathing or swallowing problems, and additional weakness.

How many polio survivors are still alive?

The World Health Organization estimates that 10 to 20 million polio survivors are alive worldwide, and some estimates suggest that 4 to 8 million of them may get PPS.

What really caused polio?

What causes polio? Polio is caused by the poliovirus. The virus enters the body through the mouth. It is spread through contact with the feces (stool) of an infected person or through exposure to phlegm or mucus when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

How old is the oldest polio survivor?

Loraine Allen may be the oldest survivor of polio in the U.S. Allen is 97.

Why did polio spread so easily?

The polio virus usually enters the environment in the feces of someone who is infected. In areas with poor sanitation, the virus easily spreads from feces into the water supply, or, by touch, into food. In addition, because polio is so contagious, direct contact with a person infected with the virus can cause polio.

Can polio cause mental illness?

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – People who had polio in childhood seem to be at somewhat increased risk of being hospitalized for a psychiatric disorder later in life, according to a Danish study. “Chronic and life-threatening diseases are known to be accompanied by increased risk of anxiety, depression, and suicide,” Dr.

Can you get polio from someone who had it?

Polio is usually spread via the fecal-oral route (i.e., the virus is transmitted from the stool of an infected person to the mouth of another person from con- taminated hands or such objects as eating utensils). Some cases may be spread directly via an oral to oral route.

Can polio cause problems later in life?

Symptoms vary from mild, flu-like symptoms to paralysis and possibly death. People who have had polio may experience effects later in life called the late effects of polio. The late effects of polio are when physical symptoms return 15 years or more after the first polio infection.

When did they stop vaccinating for polio?

OPV was recommended for use in the United States for almost 40 years, from 1963 until 2000. The results have been miraculous: Polio was eliminated from the United States in 1979 and from the Western Hemisphere in 1991. Since 2000, only IPV is recommended to prevent polio in the United States.