Question: How Do You Interpret Viral Load Results?

What is the normal viral load?

According to HIV.gov, HIV viral load is typically undetectable below levels of 40 to 75 copies/mL.

The exact number depends on the lab that analyzes the tests..

What happens when you skip Arvs for a day?

Missing doses of HIV medicines can reduce their usefulness and increase the possibility of developing drug resistance, which makes certain HIV drugs lose their effectiveness. If you realize you have missed a dose, go ahead and take the medication as soon as you can, then take the next dose at your usual scheduled time.

How long can you stay undetectable?

A person’s viral load is considered “durably undetectable” when all viral load test results are undetectable for at least six months after their first undetectable test result. This means that most people will need to be on treatment for 7 to 12 months to have a durably undetectable viral load.

How fast does your viral load increase without meds?

The study found that viral load began to increase in as little as 48 hours after discontinuing HIV medication. After 2 to 6 days, the viral load increased 25%. Between 14 and 20 days, viral load continued to increase significantly (P < .

What causes the viral load to be high?

When a person contracts HIV the virus replicates in their blood. The more copies of the virus there are, the higher a person’s viral load. If there is a high number of copies in the blood, this suggests that there is also a high number in other bodily fluids, such as vaginal fluid and semen.

What does it mean when your viral load is less than 20?

When a person has very little virus, they are said to have an ‘undetectable’ viral load. Viral load is measured in units called ‘copies’. The standard blood tests used in UK clinics can measure viral load down to 20 or 50 copies per millilitre of blood. Anything less than this is called ‘undetectable’.

Does stress affect viral load?

Studies have shown that chronic stress, traumatic events, and depression can all lead to an increased viral load and decreased CD4 counts, and therefore, accelerate HIV disease progression.

Is it possible to test negative while your partner is positive?

A: It is quite common for one partner to test positive and the other negative, even if they have been having sex without condoms. Mostly this is explained by luck and the role of other risk factors. Over time, most people will catch HIV if they continue to be at risk.

Can someone taking Arvs test negative?

HIV self-tests (home tests) frequently give false-negative results when used by people with diagnosed HIV who are taking antiretroviral therapy, with implications for the messaging around self-testing, according to a South African study presented at the 10th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Science (IAS …

What is the lowest viral load?

The results of a viral load test are described as the number of copies of HIV RNA in a millilitre of blood. But your doctor will normally just talk about your viral load as a number. For example, a viral load of 10,000 would be considered low; 100,000 would be considered high.

How do you know if your viral load is high?

What the Results MeanA high viral load is generally considered about 100,000 copies, but you could have 1 million or more. … A lower HIV viral load is below 10,000 copies. … A viral load that can’t be detected — less than 20 copies — is always the goal of HIV treatment.

What does a viral load of 50 mean?

When copies of HIV cannot be detected by standard viral load tests, an HIV-positive person is said to have an “undetectable viral load.” For most tests used clinically today, this means fewer than 50 copies of HIV per milliliter of blood (<50 copiesml). reaching an undetectable viral load is a key goal of art.

Can I test negative if my viral load is undetectable?

The bottom line is that if you’re living with HIV and have an undetectable viral load, you will still test positive for HIV if you get tested. But, this is expected, and doesn’t mean that your treatment is not working or that you aren’t undetectable.

What is considered an undetectable viral load?

An undetectable viral load is where antiretroviral treatment (ART) has reduced your HIV to such small quantities that it can no longer be detected by standard blood tests. People living with HIV who have an undetectable viral load cannot pass HIV on through sex. Being undetectable does not mean your HIV is cured.

Can you infect someone if your viral load is undetectable?

Having an undetectable viral load does mean that there is not enough HIV in your body fluids to pass HIV on during sex. In other words, you are not infectious. For as long as your viral load stays undetectable, your chance of passing on HIV to a sexual partner is zero.

Can a person taking ARVs infect others?

You can’t transmit HIV if you take ARVs correctly and are virally suppressed. Zero risk of HIV transmission via condomless sex. That is what the world’s largest study among HIV-positive gay men, who are on effective antiretroviral (ARV) treatment, has found.