Question: What Causes Abnormal Cervical Cells Besides HPV?

Can you get cervical cancer without having HPV?

But cervical cancer is not.

The truth is that having HPV does not mean you have or will get cervical cancer.

Most women will be exposed to HPV at some point in their lives, and for most women, HPV infections will go away on their own without causing any problems..

Do abnormal cells go away?

Most women who have abnormal cervical screening test results do not have cervical cancer. Most have early cell changes that can be monitored (since they often go away on their own) or treated early (to prevent problems later).

What happens if I have abnormal cervical cells?

An abnormal cervical screening test result means that you have changes in the cells covering the neck of your womb (cervix). Abnormal cervical cells are not the same as cervical cancer. If left untreated, there is a risk that some abnormal cells could go on to develop into cervical cancer in the future.

Will I always test positive for HPV?

HPV spreads through sexual contact and is very common in young people — frequently, the test results will be positive. However, HPV infections often clear on their own within a year or two. Cervical changes that lead to cancer usually take several years — often 10 years or more — to develop.

How long after HPV infection do abnormal cells appear?

Genital warts typically develop four weeks to eight months after contracting one of the types of HPV that cause genital warts. However, HPV can also replicate without causing symptoms for several years before genital warts appear.

How long does HPV take to cause abnormal cells?

And if the changes are discovered during cervical screening, treatment is highly successful. The progression from HPV infection to developing CIN or CGIN and then cervical cancer is very slow, often taking 10 to 20 years.

How do you get abnormal cervical cells?

Most often, the abnormal test result means there have been cell changes caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). That’s the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI), and can be linked to cervical cancer. Changes to your cervical cells caused by HPV can be mild, moderate, or severe.

Should I be worried if I have an abnormal Pap smear?

If your test is abnormal, don’t panic: It doesn’t always mean you have cancer. Here’s what could be behind your Pap results: The biggest risk factor for an abnormal Pap smear is HPV, a sexually transmitted infection that can lead to cervical cancer, says Dr. Bigsby.

What causes abnormal cells in the cervix?

CIN is also called cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. This means that abnormal cells were found on the surface of the cervix. CIN is usually caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) and is found when a cervical biopsy is done.

Can you get abnormal cells without HPV?

Slightly abnormal or mild changes If you get a slightly abnormal result, what happens next depends on where you live. Your sample of cells will be tested for the human papilloma virus (HPV). If your sample does not show HPV, the changes are likely to go back to normal on their own.

What happens if you test positive for HPV?

If you get a positive HPV test, your physician has detected one or more high risk strains of the virus on the Pap test of your cervix. If the virus stays with you for a long time, it can cause cell changes that can lead to several types of cancer.

What is the treatment for abnormal cervical cells?

Abnormal cells in the cervix can also be treated with: cryotherapy – the abnormal cells are frozen and destroyed (this is only used to treat minor cell changes) laser treatment – a laser is used to pinpoint and destroy abnormal cells on your cervix.