Quick Answer: What Are The Basic Elements Of Nervous System?

What are the basic elements of the nervous system called?

The basic element of the nervous system is the nerve cell, or neuron.

In combination, neurons form nerves, fibers that transmit impulses throughout the body.

A protective covering of myelin, a fatty substance, insulates parts of the fibers..

What are the two main components of the nervous system?

The nervous system has two main parts: The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.

What is the main function of the peripheral nervous system?

The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is the division of the nervous system containing all the nerves that lie outside of the central nervous system (CNS). The primary role of the PNS is to connect the CNS to the organs, limbs, and skin.

What is the main function of the peripheral nervous system quizlet?

What are the two major functions of the PNS? It’s two major functions are to carry information from the sensory organs and internal organs to the CNS, and to convey information between the CNS and all other parts of the body outside the brain and spinal cord.

What are the 4 types of nerves?

What are the types of nerves in the body?Autonomic nerves. These nerves control the involuntary or partially voluntary activities of your body, including heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and temperature regulation.Motor nerves. … Sensory nerves.

What are the 5 main parts of the nervous system?

The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.

What are the two main components of the nervous system Brainly?

The central nervous system is made up of all nerve cells, and the peripheral nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord.

Is eye part of nervous system?

Retina, the light sensing tissue on the bottom of the eye, can be considered an integral part of the central nervous system (CNS). During fetal development, it matures from part of the brain and its innervation closely resembles that of the brain.

What are the three major components of nervous system in animals?

The three main components of nervous system are brain, spinal cord and nerves.

What are the basic elements of the nervous system quizlet?

Terms in this set (31)Neurons (nerve cells) Most important cellular element. … Cell body. Central processing unit. … Axon. Extend from cell body. … Dendrite. Extend from cell body. … Types of supporting cells. Oligodendroglia and Schwann cells. … Neurotransmitters. … Types of neurotransmitters. … Synapse.More items…

How many types of nervous system are there?

Your nervous system is involved in everything your body does, from regulating your breathing to controlling your muscles to sensing heat and cold. There are three types of nerves in your body: autonomic nerves, motor nerves, and sensory nerves.

What are the four major components of the central nervous system?

Contents1.1 White and gray matter.1.2 Spinal cord. 1.2.1 Cranial nerves.1.3 Brain. 1.3.1 Brainstem. 1.3.2 Cerebellum. 1.3.3 Diencephalon. 1.3.4 Cerebrum.1.4 Difference from the peripheral nervous system.

What are 3 things in the nervous system?

The nervous system is made up of the brain, spinal cord and nerves. It is the body’s communication system that controls much of what your body does.

What are the two main components of the nervous system quizlet?

The two main divisions of the human nervous system are the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. What makes up the central nervous system? The central nervous system comprises of the brain and the spinal cord.

What is the most important part of the nervous system?

The brain and the spinal cord make up the central nervous system. The nervous system is the most complex and highly organized body system. It receives information from the sensory organs via nerves, transmits the information through the spinal cord, and processes it in the brain.