Quick Answer: What Are The Two Types Of Acquired Diseases?

What is contagious disease?

Contagious diseases (such as the flu, colds, or strep throat) spread from person to person in several ways.

One way is through direct physical contact, like touching or kissing a person who has the infection.

Another way is when an infectious microbe travels through the air after someone nearby sneezes or coughs..

What infections are not contagious?

Types of bacterial infections that aren’t contagiousLyme disease, which is spread through the bite of an infected tick.cat scratch disease, which can be acquired through a cat scratch or bite.Rocky Mountain spotted fever, which is also spread through the bite of an infected tick.More items…•

What is the most common type of hospital acquired infection?

Hospital-acquired infections are caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens; the most common types are bloodstream infection (BSI), pneumonia (eg, ventilator-associated pneumonia [VAP]), urinary tract infection (UTI), and surgical site infection (SSI).

What is the difference between communicable and contagious?

A communicable disease is a contagious one. The effect is external. If someone catches the illness, they can get sick and spread the pathogen—be it a cold, virus, or some other disease-causing agent—onto the next person. This can lead to small, isolated outbreaks or full-scale pandemics.

What are symptoms Class 9?

Answer: A symptom is a phenomenon that is experienced by the individual affected by the disease, while a sign is a phenomenon that can be detected by someone other than the individual affected by the disease. For example, anxiety, pain, and fatigue are all symptoms.

What is acquired disease example?

Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For example, AIDS is an acquired, not an inherited, form of immune deficiency.

Which disease is caused by protozoa?

Diseases caused by protozoa and helminths, such as malaria and schistosomiasis, are the cause of most parasite related morbidity and mortality, with an estimated 1.1 million combined deaths annually.

Can a virus be a disease?

Viruses are very tiny germs. They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, Ebola, and COVID-19.

What hospital acquired infection?

Hospital-acquired infections, also known as healthcare-associated infections (HAI), are nosocomially acquired infections that are typically not present or might be incubating at the time of admission. These infections are usually acquired after hospitalization and manifest 48 hours after admission to the hospital.

What is another name for hospital acquired infection?

A nosocomial infection is contracted because of an infection or toxin that exists in a certain location, such as a hospital. People now use nosocomial infections interchangeably with the terms health-care associated infections (HAIs) and hospital-acquired infections.

What is vaccination Class 9?

A vaccine is an antigenic substance that develops immunity against a disease which can be delivered through needle injections or by mouth or by aerosol. Vaccination is the injection of a dead or weakened organism that forms immunity against that organism in the body.

How diseases are acquired?

Infectious diseases commonly spread through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. This can happen when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected.

What is a community acquired disease?

Community acquired infections are infections that are contracted outside of a hospital or are diagnosed within 48 hours of admission without any previous health care encounter.

What is acquired disease Class 9?

The acquired disease is the beginning at some point during one’s lifetime, as opposed to the disease that was already present at the time of birth. The acquired simply means as the acquired sometime after birth. Note: The congenital disorder is also known as the birth defect.

How many diseases are there in class 9?

Related StoriesS. No.Type of DiseaseExample1.Air born DiseasesCommon cold, influenza, measles, tuberculosis.2.Water born diseasesCholera, typhoid, hepatitis.3.Sexual DiseasesAIDS, Syphilis.4.Animal born DiseaseRabbis.May 26, 2020

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…

What are the most common hospital acquired infections?

Common types of HAIs include:Catheter-associated urinary tract infections.Surgical site infections.Bloodstream infections.Pneumonia.Clostridium difficile.

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)