Quick Answer: What Is An Example Of A Dangerously Reactive Material?

How do you handle infectious materials?

Wash hands frequently and thoroughly any time you work with these materials or potentially infected items.

Keep your hands away from your eyes, nose or mouth.

Sanitize contaminated areas.

Report any incidents or exposure to the infection control specialist or other designated person at your workplace..

Are all chemicals reactive?

Although it is commonplace to make statements that substance ‘X is reactive’, all substances react with some reagents and not others.

What makes a substance reactive?

The number of electrons in the outermost shell of an atom determines its reactivity. Noble gases have low reactivity because they have full electron shells. Halogens are highly reactive because they readily gain an electron to fill their outermost shell.

What is reactive waste?

Reactivity – Reactive wastes are unstable under “normal” conditions. They can cause explosions, toxic fumes, gases, or vapors when heated, compressed, or mixed with water. Examples include lithium-sulfur batteries and explosives.

What is a reactive hazard?

Reactive hazards are the dangers associated with uncontrolled chemical reactions in industrial processes. These uncontrolled reactions – such as thermal runaways and chemical decompositions – have been responsible for numerous fires, explosions, and toxic gas releases.

What are the four major types of toxic substances?

Types. There are generally four types of toxic entities; chemical, biological, physical and radiation: Chemical toxicants include inorganic substances such as, lead, mercury, hydrofluoric acid, and chlorine gas, and organic compounds such as methyl alcohol, most medications, and toxins.

What is a highly reactive chemical?

Highly reactive chemicals can lead to reactions which involve the release of energy (heat) in relatively high quantities or at a rapid rate. Reaction rates almost always increase rapidly as the temperature.

What is the definition of reactive?

1 : of, relating to, or marked by reaction or reactance. 2a : readily responsive to a stimulus.

Which is an example of a reactive chemical?

One reactive chemical, white phosphorus, reacts with air to form phosphoric acid, which is severely corrosive. Reactive chemicals can also be poisonous—azides, for example, which are used in the manufacture of airbags. Metal peroxides and chlorates can be irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract.

What is an example of a toxic material?

Very toxic materials are substances that may cause significant harm or even death to an individual if even very small amounts enter the body. … There are a number of very toxic materials that may be used in workplaces. Some examples include carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, chlorine and sodium cyanide.

What are some dangerously reactive materials?

Materials in this category include:ammonium perchlorate.azo and diazo compounds.acetylides.azides.fulminates.hydrogen peroxide solutions (91% by weight)many organic peroxides.nitro and nitroso compounds.More items…

What is poisonous and infectious material?

These materials are organisms or the toxins they produce that can cause diseases in people or animals. Included in this division are bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. … Examples of biohazardous infectious materials include the AIDS/HIV virus, Hepatitis B and salmonella.

What are two chemicals that explode when mixed?

Here is some combination of two household chemicals that actually explode when mixed.Bleach And Ammonia. Both are cleaning equipment that exists in your everyday kitchen.Bleach and Rubbing Alcohol.Two Different Brand of Batteries.Potassium and water.Baking soda and vinegar.Mentos and Soda.

Which metal is chemically very reactive?

The alkali metals (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr) are the most reactive metals in the periodic table – they all react vigorously or even explosively with cold water, resulting in the displacement of hydrogen.

What chemicals are water reactive?

Water reactive chemicals are chemicals that react vigorously with moisture. The most common water sensitive chemicals include sodium, potassium, lithium metals and aluminum alkyls.